The Newport Tower

The Newport Tower
Medieval stone tower ... in Rhode Island. Does it look like any other Colonial structure you've seen? Recent carbon dating of the mortar indicates 1400s construction date (see post below).

The Westford Knight Sword

The Westford Knight Sword
Medieval Battle Sword ... in Westford, Massachusetts. Can anyone deny the pommel, hilt and blade punch-marked into the bedrock?

The Spirit Pond Rune Stone

The Spirit Pond Rune Stone
Medieval Inscription ... in Maine, near Popham Beach. Long passed off as a hoax, but how many people know the Runic language? And how is it that some of the Runic characters match rare runes on inscriptions found in Minnesota and Rhode Island? Carbon-dating of floorboards at nearby long house date to 1405.

The Narragansett Rune Stone

The Narragansett Rune Stone
Medieval Inscription ... in Rhode Island's Narragansett Bay. This Runic inscription is only visible for twenty minutes a day at low tide--is this also the work of a modern-day, Runic-speaking hoaxster?

The Westford Boat Stone

The Westford Boat Stone
Medieval Ship Carving ... in Westford, MA. Found near the Westford Knight site. Weathering patterns of carving are consistent with that of 600-year-old artifact. And why would a Colonial trail-marker depict a knorr, a 14th-century ship?

The Kensington Rune Stone

The Kensington Rune Stone
Medieval Inscription... in Minnesota. Forensic geology confirms the carvings predate European settlement of Minnesota--so did Runic-speaking Native Americans carve it?

The Hooked X Rune

The Hooked X Rune
Medieval Runic Character ... on inscriptions found in Maine, Minnesota and Rhode Island. But this rare rune was only recently found in Europe. This conclusively disproves any hoax theory while also linking these three artifacts together.

Monday, January 26, 2015

America Unearthed, Hooked X & Westford Knight

In anticipation of next Saturday's season finale of H2's "America Unearthed" series, starring forensic geologist Scott Wolter, I wanted to post some images of and information regarding the so-called Hooked X (or Forked X) mark found this past summer on the Westford Knight carving. This Hooked X mark will be prominently featured in the finale.

Here are some images:

[orientation is off 90 degrees on this last image]
Arrow showing location of Hooked X mark on rubbing of Westford Knight

Most readers, I think, will be able to make out the Hooked X mark as well as round dots marks equally spaced both to the left and to the right of the mark These dots may serve as word separators. The location of the mark is consistent with a "signature" of the carver, located near the bottom corner of the carving.

No doubt that critics will attempt to downplay the significance of this mark and/or argue it is a hoax of some kind. Regarding the possibility of hoax, I will note that the likelihood is negligible for two reasons:

1.  The weathering of the Hooked X mark (see below).

2.  The fact that the mark appears on a plaster cast made of the Knight many years before Scott Wolter began his research on the Kensington Rune Stone and first identified (and popularized) the Hooked X rune as an important clue to the Rune Stone's origin.

I also want to observe that, in reading some of the reviews of "America Unearthed," some skeptics seem unwilling to concede that even a single artifact analyzed on the show evidences even the possibility of pre-Columbian exploration of America. Let me state that another way: In these critics' minds, there is a 100% chance that 100% of the artifacts are fakes/hoaxes. I'm sorry, but that is not the world I live in. The world I live in is gray, where parts of history are unknown. This is not to say that every AU episode makes a compelling case, but the idea that every episode and every artifact is 100% flawed is untenable to me and, quite frankly, makes the critics look close-minded and agenda-driven.

I am happy to answer any questions, but I will not allow posts that are in my judgment uncivil.

Finally, here is an earlier post from 10/7/14 that I have copied and pasted in this post for easy reference:


In late June I posted some images of what appear to be a Hooked X or Forked X on the Westford Knight carving. On August 31 researcher Jerry Lutgen, along with geologist Scott Wolter, came to Westford to photograph and examine the mark.  I won't try to describe Jerry's work other than to say he uses digital imaging to create 3D images and models of the carvings he studies.  Here is a color image of the Hooked X mark:

As Jerry explained it to me, because the rock is not a flat surface, the thing to focus on here is the comparative depth of the lines in question, not their absolute depth. What we are looking for is a consistency in the relative depth of the lines in question (this consistency shows a man-made origin rather than a naturally occurring one). 

Looking at the X (you may need to zoom in), the "hook," and the 2 "word separator" dots on either side, we see that the upper left stem, the lower left stem, the upper right stem, the "hook" stem and the left dot all contain light blue "punch" marks within the green-colored surface. The lower right stem and the right dot are solid green amid the yellowish/orange-colored surface.

Looking at the color chart on the right of the image, we see that all the carved lines/dots in question are approximately one to one-and-a-half color gradations in depth--in other words, carved or punched at a relatively similar depth.  Again, this points to a man-made origin.

We can next compare the Hooked X mark with the sword portion of the carving:

This sword area is a relatively flatter surface, and we see that the punch marks are mostly light green amid a yellowish surface (around the pommel) or dark green amid a light green surface (near the cross-guard). Again, we have a carved/punched depth equal to approximately one color gradation.

Scott Wolter has not reviewed all the data yet, but he and I had a long telephone conversation on September 26 and his preliminary conclusion is that it is 85-90% likely that the mark is indeed a man-made Hooked X carved at a time contemporaneous to the sword carving. As I understand it (and Scott has not reviewed this post), this conclusion is based on the following factors:

1.  The orientation of the mark is perfectly consistent with the orientation of the rest of the carving.

2.  The "word separator" dots are equally spaced on either side of the mark and positioned similarly to separator dots in other runic carvings.

3.  The carving depth is consistent within the Hooked X itself and also consistent as between the Hooked X and the sword (see above).

4.  The weathering profile within the Hooked X mark is consistent with the weathering within the sword carving.

5.  It is extremely unlikely that a Hooked X mark and a pair of separator dots, all appearing in the proper orientation, would somehow naturally form on the face of the Westford Knight carving.

When I asked Scott why this only added up to 85-90% certainty, he laughed and said that his only hesitation was that finding a Hooked X on the Westford Knight carving was simply "too good to be true."


Ken Hall said...

The only reason the church would fear The knights Templar is if they had found the osuary of Jesus with bones inside..

David Brody said...

Ken Hall, you might want to read my novel, Thief on the Cross. It tracks the very possibility you raise in your comment.

Unknown said...

We found a stone on Morrowstone Island , WA. I remembered watching your show about the Hooked X. There appears to be a W next to the Hooked X which has a hook on either side. There appears to be other carvings on the stone, all are deepply carved. My husband found it, gave it to our 6 yr old to walk back to the house and I knew right away what it looked like. Where can I send you a photo? Thanks for your time. Jana

David Brody said...

Hi Jana. I'd love to see this, thanks for reaching out to me. My email is


Unknown said...

Very rare sculptures with the writing languages. Impressive and getting to know the knowledge of the olden people. Thanks for sharing this post.

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Unknown said...

Again Im whriting; to tell people
Of all American countries and special to USA that:Before the native people who are Jews descendants;yes another people Been lived here before.

Unknown said...

Interesting, I run across some of the same things when I was child in San Antonio, my family was made up with Celtics, Native hopi, kiowa, Wampagano from Mass., The Mullin fam. from first daughter of Priscilla and related too the 2nd daughter, The descendant was last to retrace my family Juarez to Laredo Tx Martin (Martinez shot dead in the morning and his wife committed suicide in the baking oven outside. Cruz My Fathers relatives and My mothers relatives were Hopi desended from a Horse Whisperer In Brownsville, floods wiped out the burial plot. It was not till I was 70 did I speak with the Doctor that delivered me at a catholic clinic set up by him waiting a year for my delivery then watched over me for a year and after the 2nd year they closed the clinic He was a librarian well versed in Astrology etc. reminded lme of the OMEN, from Brownsville to Corpus Christi and San Antonio. My Uncle James Mullin was born of 7 children in Boston I met Mary Fahherty from Connie Mara at my Aunties home, 3 times departed 3 times removed and the other relative from New London back to Scotland where they went dancing. I knew Columbus History cause of my study in Texas. Did not know the Conception actually went down in a more northerly direction carrying the vast Treasure from the Panama Area Natives? Why? Ponce De Leone was killed in a battle with natives near No. Arkansaw and his 2nd in command following his direction He was badly wounded tomahawk to the head and knife in the neck. discovered a cave where he bathed and left feeling better, left a hidden room crossed sword and scabbard pointing the direction they could be followed by others to the actual waters of the fountain of youth. oddly the area is overlooked by the mountainous jungle full of black scorpions and diamond back rattlers 5
tribes knew the location and used it to heal wounds and illness in a 3 day bath and eating and drinking the river water as well. I was sent a email twice in 30 years invite by a lady above 33 degree in Norway invite to reclaim and live in 1 of Mary's homes, middle east, two in Norway one similar to the round ocean side at a Templar/s home, not to worry about funds as the Coffers would be open to me. i had Diabetes and on Dialysis although able to heal others just by pointing at a broken bone or touching a wrist injured by a slammed door or stopping a Santeros Attack against a lady and her son preventing injury or illness as well. I have taught others how to call on the little people and get their help in settling court cases. Obama had left a lot of notes for bills that would be referred to a pocket veto one was especially a problem to us as native Amerindians was the one that called for ALL Eagles be killed cause they carried virus. Not true, He is 2nd level Fire Demon under irus. in the3 Middle East. He asked Hillary to join him as she desired to rule No. America. Just as easy for him to promise as he was already heading the Isis terror group in the Middle East. I knew the American that was representing Americans when a Hindu Master 800 years old snatched a ring out of the air and gave it to the prince that bowed and kissed the earth upon having disembarked from a trip back to his own land.